A breadboard is used to build and test an electronic circuit design quickly before finalizing its design. Breadboards are construction sites for circuit prototypes,where one tests, samples, or models an idea or concept for an electronic circuit to see if it works.
Breadboards look like rectangular plastic boxes filled with tiny holes, in which you insert wires or other electric components. When you insert electronic pieces into these points of contact (also known as “nodes”) in various patterns, a circuit is formed.
Most breadboards are solderless, meaning no soldering is required to attach the wires into the nodes, and are thus, reusable. The easy thing about creating circuits on breadboards is that you can remove or rearrange wires from the nodes to test if some components work better than others.
There are two main advantages for using breadboards. One, is that they are test sites to experiment on. If you mess up, the breadboard takes the damage, not your more expensive electronic equipment. Secondly, breadboards are often reusable because no soldering is required.
One disadvantage is that breadboards are only useful for experimenting with a few components. They cannot hold thousands of wires or connections, nor can they be used for circuits with high frequencies, voltages, or currents. In these ways, breadboards can only be used for simple experiments on smaller scales.
If you want to make your own breadboard project, I found this site extremely useful in a step-by-step process of what to do.
Eio has all sorts of breadboards, from the simple, such as the Tie Point Mini Self-Adhesive Solderless Breadboard (White)
to the more technical and complicated, such as VELLEMAN SD35N SOLDERLESS BREADBOARD