Archives For 101 Intros

Today’s EIO post is on magnifiers.


Benefits of Magnifiers

Magnifiers are great because they help to enhance vision. They enable people to undertake detailed work or compensate for a sight disability that lowers an individual’s vision. Magnifiers are valuable when one most focus on fine detail. In hobbies such as model-making, stamp collecting and cross-stitch, an individual will often use a magnifier so they can see intricate detail.

Magnifiers have specially designed lenses that bend light. This increases the size of text or a smaller object, making it better to see. To get the best focus on the task in hand, hold the magnifier close to the your eye. Then bring the work up towards it till optimal focus is achieved.

When carrying out intricate tasks with a magnifier, one should work in the natural light as much as possible to avoid straining the eyes. Where it is not possible to work with natural light, or where natural light isn’t adequate, utilize an adjustable light fixture. This allows light to shine directly on to the area being magnified.

Different magnifiers should be used for different tasks. Larger lenses tend to be less powerful than smallish lenses. Large lenses are useful when an individual wants all-round, low-level magnification. Large lenses work effectively for tasks like reading or completing a crossword. Where precision work is needed, a small powerful lens may very well be more appropriate. A good example of a smaller, powerful magnifier would be jeweler’s magnifier.

Handheld magnifiers are easy to use and cheap to buy. Some handheld magnifiers have built-in illumination, making it easier to see when the lighting is poor. These magnifiers are well suited for reading small print while active because they are light to transport. The disadvantage of some handheld magnifiers is that they leave the individual with merely one hand available to carry out tasks. This is fine if the individual is only holding a book, newspaper, and also magazine, but this may be restrictive.

Hands-free magnifiers are probably a better option for anyone with a hobby that demands the use of their hands, such like sewing, knitting, or model-making. Hands-free magnifiers hang around the individual’s neck. This is great for other assignments too, as they have large lenses. This version of hands-free magnifier offers small magnification, usually only doubling the size of any object.



  • arm length: 41 11/32″
  • width: 9 29/64″
  • height: 2 23/64″
Color Black
Power Supply 110Vac
Spare Lamp LAMP22
Features This magnifying lamp is designed as an aid for all kinds of precision applications from health care to precision engineering. It’s also ideal for home applications. It comes with a 5-dioptre lens (magnification 2.25 x). A well-balanced, universally jointed arm makes for maximum adjustment. Light is provided by a circular fluorescent tube of 22W that encircles the glass. Mount the device on a table with the clamp.

Model VTMG13
Type Headband Magnifier
  • multiplying power of lens: 1.5x, 3x, 8.5x, 10x
  • material of lens: acrylic resin (protected by crack-proof rigid coating)
  • size of lens : 89mm x 29mm (3.5″x 1.14″)
  • single lens diameter: 29mm (1.14″)
  • power supply: 2 x “AAA” batteries (LR03, not incl.)
  • weight: 148g (5.2oz)
  • adjust the angle of the light box upward or downward freely
  • you can also push the pivot left and right to adjust the LED light source
  • with detachable light source box and two “AAA” batteries

Brand Velleman
Model VTMG6
  • head magnifying glass with dual light
  • magnifying glass with adjustable dioptry: 1.8 / 2.3 / 3.7 / 4.8 by making a combination of the glasses
  • power supply: 4 1.5V AA batteries (not incl.)
  • dimensions: 7.9″ x 2.4″ x 5.5″
  • weight: 5.3oz

CCTV: Night Vision Cameras

eiodotcom —  September 7, 2012 — Leave a comment

Today’s Eio post is on night vision cameras.


Night vision cameras fall under the larger umbrella of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras. They generally serve the same purposes as other CCTV cameras, being that they are cameras to transmit a video signal to a specific place, usually viewed over a monitor. Night vision cameras are most often used for video survelliance purposes.

Night Vision Cameras

A night vision camera, which falls under the night vision devices (NVD), is an optical instrument that permits observation, photography, and video recording in extremely low-light or no-light conditions. It records video in levels of light approaching total darkness. These cameras are most often used by the military, police, other security forces, and are also available to civilian users. Most civilians do not use these cameras for recreation and wildlife observation.

In terms of the technology and how night vision cameras operate, Wisegeek says this:

There are two primary technologies used for a night vision camera. The first, and most common, is a photomultiplier tube, or “conventional night vision,” operating in the near-infrared frequency range, picking up light waves about 1 micrometer wide (human vision can only see light with a frequency between 0.4 and 0.7 micrometers). The second is thermal imaging, which allows a night vision camera that can take pictures even in cases where light is absent. This is because thermal cameras can see the electromagnetic radiation released by blackbody heat that emanates from every physical object. The newest types of night vision camera use a blend of both technologies.

COP-USA CHLP65IR-HSL Professional High Resolution Variable Speed License Plate Camera

Q-See QSICC2PK 2 Pack CMOS Camera with Night Vision

  • Indoor color camera kit
  • Built-In microphone for audio
  • 8 Infrared LEDs
  • 15 ft. night vision
  • 30 ft. of cable included with each camera for flexible installation (cable can extend to longer distance)

Intellinet 551045 NFC31-IR Megapixel Night-Vision Network Camera H.264 + MPEG4 + Motion-JPEG Multi-Streaming, PoE, Audio, 1.3 Megapixel CMOS, 720p HD

  • 1.3 Progressive-Scan Megapixel CMOS image sensor for crystal-clear images
  • Supports image resolutions up to 1280 x 1024 (1.3 Megapixel) or 1280 x 720 (720p)
  • Supports simultaneous H.264, MPEG4 and Motion-JPEG image compression
  • Excellent image quality with 30 fps full-motion video in VGA and 15 fps video in 1.3 Megapixel resolution
  • Audio support, full duplex, up to 8 kHz, with integrated microphone
  • Integrated motion detection with pre- and post-alarm image/video buffering
  • Supports audio detection with adjustable threshold
  • For surveillance in low light or nighttime conditions, minimum 0 lux (complete darkness)
  • Equipped with an IR lens with 12 IR LEDs and one IR sensor
  • IR sensitive, supports external IR Illuminators
  • Event-triggered FTP and e-mail upload of still images and videos
  • Supports local network storage: Can write video clips directly to a network attached storage (NAS) drive
  • NAS storage supports cyclic recording, automatically overwriting older files once the allocated storage space is exceeded
  • Supports SMB/CIFS (Windows) and NFS (Linux) network file systems
  • External microphone input connector
  • External speaker output connector
  • Terminal block for external sensors or external alarm devices
  • Selectable video buffer for smoother video streaming
  • Controllable frame rate
  • Mobile phone streaming live video through 3GPP / ISMA / RTSP
  • Mobile phone live image through 2.5 WAP
  • Supports privacy zone and text overlay functionality
  • H.264 + MPEG4 + Motion-JPEG + 3GPP mobile phone streaming, audio and 10x digital zoom
  • Supports HTTPS encryption and IP filter for enhanced security
  • Supports UPnP with UPnP port forwarding capability
  • Integrated e-mail, FTP, DDNS and DHCP client
  • Video access through any standard Web browser
  • Supports IEEE 802.3af Power over Ethernet injectors, mid- and endspans
  • Easy-to-use 16-channel camera viewing and recording utility included (not compatible with NSC10 and NSC18 cameras)
  • Three-Year Warranty


1/3″ Sony CCD, 550 TV Lines, IR LED : 42ea, Max. 50M, f3.0~8.0mm, Varifocal Lens(ICR), External focus adjustable, IP67, DC 12V,  AC 24V / DC 12V dual Voltage

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CCTV: PTZ Cameras

eiodotcom —  September 6, 2012 — Leave a comment

Today’s Eio post is on PTZ cameras.


Dome cameras fall under the larger umbrella of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras. They generally serve the same purposes as other CCTV cameras, being that they are cameras to transmit a video signal to a specific place, usually viewed over a monitor. Dome cameras are most often used for video survelliance purposes.

PTZ Cameras

A PTZ camera, also known as pan-tilt-zoom camera, is a camera with the ability to zoom and change directions via remote. The PTZ relflects the movement options of the camera. They are often used with professional video cameras in television studios, but the remotely controlled automation systems are generally sold separately without the cameras.

Wisegeek says this about PTZ cameras:

Pan, tilt, and zoom models may be used as computer security cameras both indoors and outdoors. Many versions have internal blowers and heaters, which enable exterior use in cold and wet weather conditions. These cameras are either fixed inside a dome housing or attached to an external rotating frame and require hardwiring to function. The cameras change viewing position remotely by manual or preprogrammed instruction. The zoom feature allows users to enlarge an image up to 36 times, depending on the make and model of the particular camera.


Sony 1/3″ HQ1 CCD, Pan/Tilt, 3x Digital Zoom, f3.6mm Board Lens, Max. Rot. Speed; 55ºPan, 40ºTilt, 1/3″ Sony, 520 TV Lines


Indoor High Speed Dome 216X Color w/ Drop Ceiling Bracket

Bolide BC2002-AT88 Advanced Positioning Pan Tilt Zoom Camera

BC2002-AT88 Advanced Positioning System is designed for the airport, border defense, customs, highway and other special places. As these occasions’ environment has strong wind, big temperature difference between day, night and the seasons, lightning electromagnetic interference and the high probability of interference, it is difficult to maintain after the installation of the products that need round-the-clock work. So we give priority to the design of the product’s reliability, stability, sealed, waterproof, Anti-acid rain, high temperature endurance, aging, corrosion resistance, wind resistance, to ensure that after the products are installed, they can be long-term, stable, free-maintenance.

See also:

CCTV: IP Cameras

eiodotcom —  September 5, 2012 — 1 Comment

Today’s Eio post is on IP cameras.


Dome cameras fall under the larger umbrella of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras. They generally serve the same purposes as other CCTV cameras, being that they are cameras to transmit a video signal to a specific place, usually viewed over a monitor. Dome cameras are most often used for video survelliance purposes.

IP Cameras

An IP camera, or an internet protocol camera, is often referred to as a network camera. It utilizes internet protocol to transmit video and other images over internet connections. They are similar to CCTV cameras which send video signals to a video monitor and recording system, but IP cameras usually stream content to a network video recorder (NVR) or a PC, rather than to a digital video recorder (DVR).

Wikipedia says there are two kinds of IP cameras:

  • Centralized IP cameras, which require a central Network Video Recorder (NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
  • Decentralized IP cameras, which do not require a central Network Video Recorder (NVR), as the cameras have recording functionality built-in and can thus record directly to digital storage media, such as flash drives, hard disk drives or network attached storage.

TRENDnet 15-AH25B Outdoor Camera Enclosure with Thermal Barrier

  • Cable for camera can be run through centre of bracket for anti tamper protection
  • Max Load: 10 kg.
  • Construction: Steel
  • Height: 230 mm
  • Fixing: 4 screws
  • Swivel Angle: 90゚
  • Tilt Angle: 120゚
  • Weight: 4.7kg (10.5lb)
  • Dimension: 6.7 x 3 x 48 cm (2.6 x 1.2 x 19 inches)

AXIS 0301-004 RJ45 M1011-W Network Camera

AXIS M10 Network Cameras with their functional and smart design offer a high quality yet affordable video surveillance solution. Using progressive scan technology, the cameras provide VGA or HDTV (AXIS M1054) images of moving objects without motion blur.

Multiple H.264 and Motion JPEG streams can be provided simultaneously, individually optimized for different quality needs and bandwidth constraints. AXIS M1011, AXIS M1011-W and AXIS M1031-W additionally support MPEG-4 Part 2 for backward compatibility.

AXIS M10 Series is designed for easy and flexible installation. AXIS M1011-W and AXIS M1031-W offer the choice of either a wireless or a wired connection to the network, and AXIS M1054 can be powered either over Ethernet or by power supply.

AXIS M1031-W and AXIS M1054 feature an integrated PIR sensor for detecting movement even in the dark, and a white LED for illuminating the scene at an event. AXIS M1054 additionally supports one input and one output port for connecting external devices.

AXIS M1031-W and AXIS M1054 provide two-way audio support with built-in microphone and speaker, allowing remote listening in on an area, as well as communication with individuals directly or using uploaded or recorded audio clips.


The AXIS P3343-V Fixed Dome Network Camera offers superior image quality including day/night functionality and wide dynamic range, providing crisp and clear images of both illuminated and low-light areas. Remote zoom ensures that the viewing angle is optimized for the scene and required pixel resolution at installation.

See also:

CCTV: Dome Cameras

eiodotcom —  September 1, 2012 — 2 Comments

Today’s Eio post is on dome cameras.

Dome camera mounted on building for security.


Dome cameras fall under the larger umbrella of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras. They generally serve the same purposes as other CCTV cameras, being that they are cameras to transmit a video signal to a specific place, usually viewed over a monitor. Dome cameras are most often used for video survelliance purposes.

Dome Cameras

Dome cameras are quite versatile in their uses, being mounted in stores, homes, and businesses. Their covert and subtle placements make them ideal to use as security cameras. They generally come in dark gray to a black color and can be used to record the actions of customers, intruders, or for other survellience purposes.

Wisegeek says this:

“There are two main ways a dome camera can be installed. It may be flush mounted to a ceiling or wall, or it may be installed pendulum style, where the camera is suspended from a rod attached to the ceiling. Pendulum styles are most often used in buildings with tall ceilings so the camera is closer to subjects being watched. This type of installation provides better face recognition.

The dome camera has a great advantage over other types of cameras: due to the dark-colored lens, a person cannot tell if the camera is recording or not. In this way, dome cameras act as a deterrent even if they are not recording at the time. These types of cameras are used widely in casinos, resorts, banks, lobbies and museums—are are generally accepted as being the preferred nanny cam.”


KT&C KPC-S520DC Sony 1/3″ Super HAD CCD, 380 TV Lines, Polycarbonate, f3.6mm, 80mm Dia.

COP-USA CD250XIR-WDR 6″ Vandalproof Dome Camera, New Wide Dynamic 1/3″ Color CCD Anti-Saturation Infrared

· 1/3″ Color Wide Dynamic High Resolution CCD
· Vandalproof Dome
· 3 Axis Rotation Dome Camera
· IR Cut Filter
· High Impact IP66 Casing
· Built-in 2.5-10mm Electronic Iris IR Lens
· 650TVL / 0 Lux
· Digital Noise Reduction
· Easliy Adjustable Varifocal Lens
· OSD Easy Setup
· 30 High Intensity LEDs
· Visible Range up to 100 feet in total Darkness
· Dual Power: DC12V / AC24V 800mA

TRENDnet TV-IP252P Dome Wired IP Camera with 2-Way Audio / 62 degree viewing angle / MAX Resolution 640×480

Motion detection triggered email alerts and image upload via FTP
Control two adjustable motion detection windows with just-in-time snapshot
Hear and talk to people in your camera’s viewing field through your computer (mic and speaker sold separately)
Samba client saves video to network storage devices
Quick Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) installation
Camera browser can be accessed using Internet Explorer 6.0 above

See also:

CCTV: Bullet Cameras

eiodotcom —  August 31, 2012 — 3 Comments

Today’s Eio post is on bullet cameras.


Bullet cameras fall under the larger umbrella of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras. They generally serve the same purposes as other CCTV cameras, being that they are cameras to transmit a video signal to a specific place, usually viewed over a monitor. Bullet cameras are most often used for video survelliance purposes, but are also common as helmet cameras (cameras attached to helmets to catch the point of view of the person wearing the helmet, often for bikers).

Bullet Cameras

A bullet camera derives its name from its relatively small size and its long and cylindrical shape. They can be placed inside or outdoors and are typically used for security purposes. In terms of indoor uses, they are normally used for indoor security as concealed video monitoring devices; for outdoors,as outdoor security because of their durable and stationary forms. Bullet cameras can even be small enough to be concealed within something like a stuffed animal to create a so-called “nanny cam” or large enough to be a plainly visible deterrent form of external security.

Wisegeek says this:

“Many times, external security will feed into a closed-circuit video system that allows viewing at certain locations but ensures the video image is not transmitted on usual television frequencies. A bullet camera in such security systems can often be seen at banks or convenience stores, and with increasing frequency around large parking lots or parking structures where crimes can happen far from crowded areas. The video images are often recorded and kept for a set period of time before being recorded over with new images.”

COP-USA CM259EZ-WDR-EF WDR Bullet Camera EFFIO CCD Super High Resolution 720TVL w/ 2.5~10mm Auto Iris Lens

1/3″ EFFIO High Resolution Color CCD, 720TVL 0.001 Low Lux, Day / Night IR CUT Control, SDNR ( Super Digital Noise Reduction),Easily Adjustable 2.5~10mm Varifocal Lens, DC12V 500mA

High Resolution
* 720TVL 0.001 Low Lux
* Day / Night IR -Cut Control
* Super (SDNR) Digital Noise Reduction
* Easily Adjustable 2.5~10mm Varifocal
* OSD Easy Setup
* DC 12V 500mA


1/3″ SONY Super HAD CCD II3.6mm Board LensWaterproof

Q-See QSM1424W 400 TV Lines MAX Resolution BNC CCTV Camera

Weatherproof for indoor or outdoor use
3.6mm lens providing 53° viewing range
24 Infrared LEDs
Up to 40 feet night vision
Color day mode, black and white night vision
Flexible 3-Axis stands enhance camera positioning
Bracket design makes cable difficult to vandalize
60 feet of cable (extensions available if needed)
Operating Temperature: -20°C to +50°C (-4º to 122 ºF) RH 95 % max

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Today’s Eio post is on speaker wire.

Speaker wire is also commonly known as zip cord. Its main use is to create an electrical connection between loudspeakers and audio amplifiers. Most speaker wires consist of two or more electrical conductors that although are electrically identical, are marked to identify the correct audio signal polarity.

When selecting which type of speaker wire is right for your electronic needs, Wikipedia gives this advice:

“Speaker wires are selected based on price, quality of construction, aesthetic purpose, and convenience. Stranded wire is more flexible than solid wire, and is suitable for movable equipment. For a wire that will be exposed rather than run within walls, under floor coverings, or behind moldings (such as in a home), appearance may be a benefit, but it is irrelevant to electrical characteristics. Better jacketing may be thicker or tougher, less chemically reactive with the conductor, less likely to tangle and easier to pull through a group of other wires, or may incorporate a number of shielding techniques for non-domestic uses.”

Cables To Go 43108 1000ft 16/4 CL2 In-Wall Speaker Wire

This is the right cable to install audio throughout your house. Made from 65 strands of 99.9% high-purity copper, this speaker wire is very flexible and less likely to kink during installation. CL2-rated for use inside walls, this wire features a flame-retardant white PVC jacket that helps to diminish the potential of fire spreading between floors.

The wire’s design features conductors twisted upon each other that makes the cable round and much easier to pull throughout the house than the flat or zip-cord style. Inner conductors are color-coded for easy identification.

Cables To Go 40532 500ft 18 AWG Bulk Speaker Wire

This cost-effective wire provides maximum sound for your dollar. Clear PVC jacket with white marker enables easy polarity identification. The high strand count offers maximum flexibility for easier installations. For the two 18 AWG conductors, each conductor is manufactured from 3 bundles of 24 copper strands. Cross section of the wire is 0.10in x 0.20in.

MONSTER CABLE 127865 XP Clear Jacket – Compact Speaker cable (100 FEET)

Compact High Performance Speaker Cable
Advanced speaker cable for hookup of speakers to stereo and surround sound home theater systems. Monster XP’s compact design makes it ideal for high-performance installations where space is at a premium.

Outstanding Sonic Performance at an Attractive Price
XP’s exclusive Magnetic Flux Tube and Special LPE Insulation let you hear more of the music with deeper, tighter bass, better imaging, and powerful dynamic range that easily surpasses ordinary zip cord and many more costly “audiophile” cables.

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